GIS技术在林业规划制图中的有效应用

陈剑波 刘古月

(湖南省农林工业勘察设计研究总院,湖南 长沙 410000)

摘要:随着信息技术的飞速发展,GIS技术也广泛应用于多个领域,给各行各业的管理、规划制图带来了极大的方便。近年来我国林业建设面积不断扩大,林业规划制图也与地理信息系统建立了较为紧密的联系。本文主要研究GIS技术在林业规划制图中有效性地应用,希望能给业界相关人士提供参考。

关键词:GIS技术;林业规划;制图;有效应用

Abstract: With the rapid development of information technology, GIS technology is also widely used in many fields, which brings great convenience to the management and planning and mapping of all walks of life. In recent years, China’s forestry construction area has continued to expand, and forestry planning and mapping has also established a close relationship with geographic information systems. This paper mainly studies the effective application of GIS technology in forestry planning and mapping. I hope to provide reference to relevant people in the industry.

Key words: GIS technology; forestry planning; mapping; effective application

作者简介:1.陈剑波(1984-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事林业调查规划森林经营;2.刘古月(1985-),女,硕士研究生,主要从事林业调查规划森林经营。

知网链接:http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?dbcode=CJFD&filename=CYCX201809040&dbname=CJFDPREP

高层钢筋混凝土住宅结构优化设计研究

陈 龙

(广州博厦建筑设计研究院有限公司天心分公司,湖南 长沙   410000)

摘要:针对高层建筑结构优化设计,本文从结构选型入手,分别介绍结构平面和竖向布置要点,再到结构材料与结构计算分析注意要点,全面分析了高层住宅结构优化设计的要点。

关键词:高层住宅;结构优化;结构布置;结构分析

Abstract: In view of the optimization design of high-rise building structure, starting from the structural selection, the main points of structural plane and vertical arrangement are introduced, and then the key points of structural materials and structural calculation analysis are analyzed. The main points of high-rise residential structure optimization design are comprehensively analyzed.

Key words: high-rise residential; structural optimization; structural arrangement; structural analysis

作者简介:陈龙(1975.12-),男,工程师,一级注册结构师,主要从事结构设计、审图设计管理工作。

知网链接:http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?dbcode=CJFD&filename=CYCX201809039&dbname=CJFDPREP

株洲市城区水处理工程MBR膜技术应用探讨

欧国毅

(株洲市城市排水有限公司,湖南 株洲 412000)

摘要:长沙湘江航电枢纽工程于2014年建成,为确保长株潭地区饮用水安全,湖南省政府于2013年和2016年两次启动了湘江流域污染综合整治三年行动计划,并对湘江水质量标准提出了新的要求。株洲市城区污水厂是重点监控污染源之一,对此,株洲市对城区新建和扩建了污水处理工程,为确保出水水质达标排放,水处理应用了膜生物反应器(MBR)技术,切实有效地综合治理株洲市城区部分工业区工业废水和生活污水直排湘江的现象,保障了湘江饮用水安全。

关键词:水处理;膜生物反应器(MBR)工艺;应用

Abstract: The xiangjiang navigation and power hub project in changsha was completed in 2014. In order to ensure the drinking water safety in changzhutan area, hunan provincial government launched the three-year action plan for comprehensive pollution control of xiangjiang river basin twice in 2013 and 2016, and put forward new requirements on xiangjiang water quality standards. Zhuzhou urban sewage plant is one of the key pollution sources for monitoring. In this regard, zhuzhou city built and expanded the sewage treatment project in the urban area. In order to ensure that the effluent quality is up to standard, the water treatment applied the membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology, effectively and effectively treated the phenomenon of industrial waste water and sewage directly discharged from some industrial areas in zhuzhou city, and ensured the drinking water safety of xiangjiang river.

Key words: water treatment; Membrane Bio-Reactor(MBR) process; application

作者简介:欧国毅(1962-),男,工程师,主要从事工程管理、工程审计等工作。

知网链接:http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?dbcode=CJFD&filename=CYCX201809038&dbname=CJFDPREP

预制预应力I梁预拱度计算及控制

刘成峰

(中铁一局海外事业部,陕西 西安 710054)

摘要:文章以实际工程为例,对预拱度的设置、梁体各阶段挠度的计算以及制梁台座拱度的设置进行分析,探讨预制预应力I梁施工过程中相关因素的控制,希望能为不同梁型的公路施工提供参考与借鉴。

关键词:预制I梁;预拱度设置;挠度计算

Abstract: Taking actual engineering as an example, this paper analyzes the setting of precamber, the calculation of deflection of beam body at each stage, and the setting of camber of girder pedestal, discusses the control of related factors in the construction process of precast prestressed I beam, hoping to provide reference for highway construction of different girder types.

Key words: prefabricated I beam; precamber setting; the deflection calculation

作者简介:刘成峰(1982.10-),男,陕西商南人,工程师,从事公路施工工作。

知网链接:http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?dbcode=CJFD&filename=CYCX201809037&dbname=CJFDPREP

声发射技术在压力容器检测中的应用

姚茂烈

(湖南省特种设备检验检测研究院,湖南 长沙  410000)

摘要:本文介绍了声发射技术的原理、应用及未来发展趋势,评价了声发射技术在压力容器无损检测领域相较其他手段的优势。

关键词:压力容器;声发射技术;无损检测;在线检测

Abstract:The principle of acoustic emission technology,its application and future development trend are briefly introduced, the acoustic emission technique in pressure vessel NDT field advantage compared with other means are evaluated too.

Key words:the pressure vessel;acoustic emission technology;nondestructive testing;on-line inspection

作者简介:姚茂烈(1983-),男,工程师,主要从事特种设备检验检测工作。

知网链接:http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?dbcode=CJFD&filename=CYCX201809036&dbname=CJFDPREP

工程造价与建筑结构优化设计的关系研究

刘 芬

(云南省设计院集团,云南 昆明 650228)

摘要:工程造价与结构优化设计之间的矛盾是建筑工程施工领域不可忽视的问题。在明确二者之间关系的基础上,制定详细化的工程造价控制方案,有助于提升建设单位经济效益。本文对建筑结构优化设计中影响工程造价的因素进行分析,对优化结构设计、降低工程造价的措施进行探究。

关键词:工程造价;建筑结构优化设计;价值工程分析法;建筑设计管理制度

Abstract: the contradiction between engineering cost and structural optimization design is a problem that can not be ignored in the field of construction engineering. On the basis of clarifying the relationship between the two, the detailed project cost control scheme is formulated, which is conducive to improving the economic benefits of the construction unit. On the basis of exploring the factors affecting the construction cost in the optimization design of the building structure, this paper probes into the measures to optimize the structure design and reduce the cost of the project.

Key words: project cost; building structure optimization design; value engineering analysis; architectural design management system

作者简介:刘芬(1976.2-),女,云南腾冲人,高级工程师,从事工程造价工作。

知网链接:http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?dbcode=CJFD&filename=CYCX201809027&dbname=CJFDPREP

高陡岩质边坡地质灾害勘察设计探讨

付锡刚

(湖南省地质矿产勘查开发局407队,湖南 怀化 418000)

摘要:我国地质条件复杂,地质灾害频发,高陡岩质边坡发生地质灾害往往会造成严重后果。本文对高陡岩质边坡特点进行介绍,以某高陡岩质边坡为研究对象,对勘察设计方式进行详细探究,以期为类似工程提供借鉴。

关键词:边坡;高陡岩质;勘察设计

Abstract: In China, geological conditions are complex and geological disasters are frequent. If geological disasters occur on high and steep rock slopes, serious consequences will be caused. In this paper, the characteristics of high and steep rock slope are introduced firstly, and then a high and steep rock slope is taken as the research object to carry out detailed exploration and design methods, in order to provide reference for similar projects.

Key words: slope; high and steep rock mass; survey and design

作者简介:付锡刚(1985.3-),男,水工环地质工程师,从事岩土工程勘察、设计、施工及水、工、环地质专业工作。

知网链接:http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?dbcode=CJFD&filename=CYCX201809026&dbname=CJFDPREP

某历史文化街区酒吧街全过程跟踪审计实施方案

杨 冰

(智埔国际工程咨询有限公司湘潭分公司,湖南 湘潭 411100)

摘要:建设工程项目具有周期长、投资额大、控制环节多等特点,任何一个环节出现问题,都有可能导致重大的经济损失和浪费。实行全过程跟踪审计,可有效遏止投资项目乱决策、乱签证、乱变更、乱计价等现象,切实维护国家、建设方、施工方各方利益,努力提升建筑资金使用绩效。本文对实例项目的大致情况进行分析,针对本项目编写了跟踪审计实施方案,对本项目跟踪审计实施全过程进行总结性论述,以供参考。

关键词:全过程跟踪审计;有效控制造价;内控制度

Abstract: Construction projects have the characteristics of long cycle, large investment, and many control links. Therefore, any problem in any link may lead to significant economic loss. The implementation of the whole process of tracking audits can effectively curb the phenomenon of chaotic decision-making, chaotic visas, chaotic changes, and random pricing of investment projects, and effectively safeguard the interests of the state, construction and construction parties, and strive to improve the performance of construction funds. This paper analyzes the example with the example, first introduces the general situation of the project, and then writes the implementation plan of the tracking audit for the project, and summarizes the whole process of tracking and auditing the project for reference.

Key words: whole process tracking audit; effective control cost; internal control

作者简介:杨冰(1976.2-),女,工程师,主要从事工程造价咨询工作。某历史文化街区酒吧街全过程跟踪审计实施方案

知网链接:http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?dbcode=CJFD&filename=CYCX201809025&dbname=CJFDPREP